The Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF), led by former ANC youth league leader Julius Malema, has shaken up South African politics. In huge rallies, the red-clad supporters celebrate Malema as the Messiah. His program: expropriate land without compensation and nationalize mines and companies. They draw inspiration from the Marxist and Leninist tradition. The EFF promise jobs and is particularly well received by young black city dwellers that have had enough of the corrupt ANC government. The EFF and in particular Julius Malema are criticized for verbal racist attacks against whites.